DIFICULDADES DE APRENDIZAGEM EM LEITURA E ESCRITA: reflexão a partir da teoria da aprendizagem de Vygotsky

Joângela Sousa da Silva

Resumo


LEARNING DIFFICULTIES IN READING AND WHITING: reflection from Vygotsky’s theory of learning

DIFICULTADES DEL APRENDIZAJE ENLA LECTURA Y LA ESCRITURA: reflexión desde la teoría del aprendizaje de Vygotsky

Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar as dificuldades de aprendizagem em leitura e escrita, à luz da teoria da aprendizagem de Vygotsky. Para tanto, propõe-se, inicialmente, a caracterizar as dificuldades de aprendizagem, especificando os principais obstáculos que permeiam as atividades de leitura e escrita. Em um segundo momento, expõem-se os principais pressupostos teóricos da psicologia histórico-cultural de Vygotsky. Por fim, elaboram-se reflexões acerca das dificuldades de aprendizagem, pensando, a partir desses pressupostos teóricos, estratégias possíveis de enfrentamento. A propósito, o procedimento teórico engloba uma revisão bibliográfica com a finalidade de produção de conhecimento através de um ensaio teórico. Como principais resultados, têm-se as contribuições das zonas de desenvolvimento, no que diz respeito à pesquisa vygotskyana, a qual se fundamenta na concepção de sujeito e desenvolvimento, produzindo substratos para se pensar práticas pedagógicas com alunos com dificuldades de aprendizagem em leitura e escrita.

Palavras-chave: Dificuldades de Aprendizagem; Escrita; Leitura.

ABSTRACT
This article aims to analyze learning difficulties in reading and writing, in light of Vygotsky’s learning theory. Therefore, it is initially proposed to characterize the learning difficulties, specifying the main obstacles that permeate reading and writing activities. In a second moment, the main theoretical assumptions of the historical-cultural psychology of Vygotsky's are exposed. Finally, we elaborate reflections about the learning difficulties, thinking, based on theoretical assumptions, the state of confrontation. By the way, the theoretical procedure encompasses a bibliographical revision with the purpose of producing knowledge through a theoretical essay. As main results, a database for research and development is used as input for the development zones, producing substrates for thinking about pedagogical practices with students with learning difficulties in reading and writing.

Keywords: Learning Difficulties; Writing; Reading.

RESUMEN
Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar las dificultades de aprendizaje en lectura y escritura, a la luz de la teoría del aprendizaje de Vygotsky. Por lo tanto, se propone, inicialmente, caracterizar las dificultades de aprendizaje, especificando los principales obstáculos que permean las actividades de lectura y escritura. En un segundo momento, se exponen los principales presupuestos teóricos de la psicología histórico-cultural de Vygotsky. Por último, se elaboran reflexiones acerca de las dificultades de aprendizaje, pensando, a partir de esos presupuestos teóricos, estrategias posibles de enfrentamiento/solución. A propósito, el procedimiento teórico engloba una revisión bibliográfica con la finalidad de producción de conocimiento a través de un ensayo teórico. Como principales resultados, se tienen las contribuciones de las zonas de desarrollo, en lo que se refiere a la investigación vygotskyana, la cual se fundamenta en la concepción de sujeto y desarrollo, produciendo sustratos para pensar prácticas pedagógicas con alumnos con dificultades de aprendizaje en lectura y escritura.

Palabras clave: Dificultades de Aprendizaje; Escritura; Lectura.

 


Palavras-chave


Dificuldades de Aprendizagem; Escrita; Leitura

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.v3n11p168-186

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Direitos autorais 2017 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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