A REDE URBANA E A TENDÊNCIA DE FORMAÇÃO DE METRÓPOLES REGIONAIS EM MOÇAMBIQUE

Reginaldo Rodrigues Moreno Muacuveia, William Rodrigues Ferreira

Resumo


THE URBAN NETWORK AND TRAINING ACT OF REGIONAL METROPOLIS IN MOZAMBIQUE

LE RÉSEAU URBAIN ET LA LOI SUR LA FORMATION DES MÉTROPOLES RÉGIONALES AU MOZAMBIQUE

Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a atual configuração da rede urbana e as tendências de evolução para a formação de metrópoles regionais ao norte e centro em Moçambique. Enfoca a análise das transformações ocorridas no processo de crescimento socioespacial das cidades que possa subsidiar nas politicas de ordenamento territorial. O trabalho basicamente incorporou os estudos de três grandes cidades do país, localizadas em três regiões distintas, a partir de dados do Instituto Nacional de Estatística de Moçambique (INE), e abrangeu os processos socioeconômicos e demográficos gerais e regionais nas décadas de 1980, 1997, 2007 e 2017, que estão na base da estruturação e do desenvolvimento da rede urbana moçambicana. Os resultados demostram que, na hierarquia da rede urbana, existem uma região metropolitana, o sistema urbano-regionais e as aglomerações urbanas de Nampula e Beira, que, segundo a evolução espacial-demográfica, têm condições para atingir o estatuto de região metropolitana nos próximos 10 anos, até 2027.

Palavras-chave: Rede Urbana; Aglomerações Populacionais; Moçambique.

ABSTRACT
This work aims to analyze the current configuration of the urban network and the trends of evolution that may form in a short time the regional metropolis north and center in Mozambique, focusing on the transformations that occurred in the process of demographic-spatial growth of cities, ways to subsidize territorial planning policies. The study incorporates the studies of three cities, located in three distinct regions, based on data from the National Institute of Statistics (INE), and covered the general and regional socioeconomic and demographic processes in the 1990s, 2000 and 2010 that are the basis structuring and development of the Mozambican urban network. The results show the hierarchy of the urban network, the urban-regional system and the urban agglomerations of Mozambique one is already metropolis and the other two are able to reach the status of metropolitan region in less than 20 years.

Keywords: Urban Network; Population Agglomerations; Mozambique.

RÉSUMÉ
L'objectif de ce travail est d'analyser la configuration actuelle du réseau urbain et les tendances de l'évolution que pour la formation des métropoles régionales du nord et du centre au Mozambique. Il se concentre sur l'analyse des transformations intervenant dans le processus de croissance socio-spatiale des villes qui peuvent subventionner les politiques d'aménagement du territoire. Les travaux ont essentiellement incorporé les études de trois villes principales du pays, situées dans trois régions distinctes, basées sur des données de l'Institut national de la statistique (INE) et couvrant les processus socio-économiques et démographiques généraux et régionaux dans les années 1980, 1997. 2007 et 2017 qui sous-tendent la structuration et le développement du réseau urbain mozambicain. Les résultats montrent dans la hiérarchie du réseau urbain il y a une région métropolitaine, le système urbain-régional et les agglomérations urbaines de Nampula et Beira selon l'évolution spatiale-démographique sont en mesure d'atteindre le statut de région métropolitaine dans les 10 prochaines années, en 2027.

Mots-clés: Réseau Urbain; Agglomérations de Population; Mozambique.


Palavras-chave


RRede Urbana; Aglomerações Populacionais; Moçambique.

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.v4n14p90-108

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Direitos autorais 2018 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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