MATERIALISM, IDEALISM AND THE ONTO-EPISTEMOLOGICAL ROOTS OF GEOGRAPHY

Mikhael Lemos Paiva

Resumo


MATERIALISMO, IDEALISMO E AS RAÍZES ONTO-EPISTEMOLÓGICAS DA GEOGRAFIA

MATERIALISMO, IDEALISMO E LAS RAÍCES ONTO-EPISTEMOLÓGICAS DE LA GEOGRAFÍA

The present article has as proposal the discussion of the philosophical categories of Idealism and Materialism in the Geographical thought. Starting from the assumption that the knowledge is a fact, we explicit our onto-epistemological basis by a dialog between the main representatives of each Philosophy pole, from Democritus to Hegel, exposing after the sublation to the metaphysics done by the dialectical materialism. Using a bridge to the hard core of the Critical Geography (Lefebvre, Harvey and Quaini), we transmute the philosophical debate to the geographical field showing the often ignored roots, logic and addictions of the Modern Geography. Retaking in the end the duel between Idealism and Materialism, we present our thesis in which the Crisis of Geography is, in fact, just the result of a process originated from its incapacity as a discipline to overcome the limiter vestige of its birth: the Metaphysics.

Keywords: Philosophy of Geography; Lefebvre; Historical Materialism; Geography’s Crisis.

RESUMO
O presente artigo tem como proposta a discussão das categorias filosóficas de idealismo e materialismo no pensamento Geográfico. Partindo do pressuposto de que o conhecimento é um fato, explicitamos a nossa base onto-epistemológica por meio de um diálogo entre os principais representantes de cada polo da Filosofia, de Demócrito à Hegel, expondo logo após a suprassunção à metafísica realizada pelo materialismo dialético. Pela ponte com o núcleo duro da Geografia Crítica (Lefebvre, Harvey e Quaini), transmutamos o debate filosófico para o campo geográfico ao mostrar as tão ignoradas raízes, lógica e vícios da Geografia Moderna. Retomando ao fim o duelo entre idealismo e materialismo, apresentamos nossa tese de que a Crise da Geografia é, na verdade, apenas o resultado de um processo oriundo de sua incapacidade como disciplina de superar o resquício limitador de seu berço: a Metafísica.

Palavras-chave: Filosofia da Geografia; Lefebvre; Materialismo Dialético; Crise da Geografia.

RESUMEN
En este artículo se propone la discusión de las categorías filosóficas del idealismo y el materialismo en el pensamiento geográfico. En la hipótesis de que el conocimiento es un hecho, aclaramos nuestra base ontológica y epistemológica por medio de un diálogo entre los principales representantes de cada polo de la filosofía, Demócrito hasta Hegel, lo que sigue la supresión hacia la metafísica realizada por el materialismo dialéctico. Considerando los autores claves en la Geografía Crítica (Lefebvre, Harvey e Quaini), ubicamos el debate filosófico hacia el campo geográfico para indicar las raíces, por supuesto ignoradas, la lógica y los vicios de la Moderna Geografía. Pronto la retomada en el fin del artículo entre idealismo y materialismo, enseñaremos nuestra tesis de que la crisis de la Geografía es, en verdad, solamente el resultado de un proceso oriundo de su incapacidad, cómo disciplina, en superar el vestigio limitador de su cuna: la Metafísica.

Palabras clave: Filosofía de la Geografía; Lefebvre; Materialismo Dialéctico; Crisis de la Geografía.


Palavras-chave


Philosophy of Geography; Lefebvre; Historical Materialism; Geography’s Crisis

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.v3n9p07-26

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Direitos autorais 2017 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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