OS PAPÉIS URBANOS DA CIDADE DE CAROLINA NA FRONTEIRA AGRÍCOLA DA AMAZÔNIA LEGAL

Reges Sodré, Julio Cesar de Lima Ramires

Resumo


THE URBAN ROLES OF THE CITY OF CAROLINA ON THE AGRICULTURAL FRONTIER OF THE LEGAL AMAZON

LOS PAPELES URBANOS DE LA CIUDAD DE CAROLINA EN LA FRONTERA AGRÍCOLA DE LA AMAZONIA LEGAL

Esse artigo teve por objetivo analisar os papéis e funções urbanas da cidade local de Carolina, situada no sul do Maranhão, frente à expansão da fronteira agrícola na Amazônia Legal. A pesquisa foi construída a partir de revisão teórica em Santos (1979, 2008), Valverde e Dias (1967), Melo (2008), Brito (2009) e Fresca (2010); levantamentos de dados sobre população, empresas por setor da economia e empregos formais e informais no Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE); e trabalho de campo. Constatou-se que essa cidade teve um importante papel na região sul-maranhense e norte tocantinense antes da política de integração nacional dos anos de 1960. Não sendo beneficiada por essa política, a cidade perdeu funções na rede urbana, mas não entrou em completo processo de esvaziamento demográfico e econômico. Atualmente, o comércio e os serviços de Carolina estão voltados especialmente para o atendimento da demanda da população local – rural e urbana. No segmento industrial, a cidade tem um maior protagonismo, especialmente pela atuação de duas empresas, a PIPES e a Marka Florestal. Além disso, o agronegócio da soja encontra-se em pleno processo de expansão, o que pode trazer novas dinâmicas à cidade, além de conflitos no campo.

Palavras-chave: Carolina; Cidade Local; Rede Urbana; Fronteira Agrícola.

ABSTRACT
This paper aimed to analyze the roles and urban functions of the local city of Carolina, located in south of Maranhão, in front of the expansion of the agricultural frontier in the Legal Amazon. The research was constructed from a theoretical review in Santos (1979, 2008), Valverde and Dias (1967), Melo (2008), Brito (2009), and Fresca (2010); surveys of data on population, companies by sector of the economy and formal and informal Jobs at the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics; and field work. It was found that this city played an important role in the south Maranhão and north Tocantins region before the national integration policy of the 1960s. Not being benefited by this policy, the city lost its functions in the urban network, but did not enter into full process demographic and economic depletion. Currently, Carolina’s trade and services are geared specifically to meeting the demand of the local population – rural and urban. In the industrial segment, the city has a greater role, especially through the activities of two companies, PIPES and Marka Florestal. In addtion soybean agribusiness is in the process of expansion, which can bring new dynamics to the city, as well as conflicts in the countryside.

Keywords: Carolina; Local City; Urban Network; Agricultural Frontier.

RESUMEN
Este artículo tuvo por objetivo analizar los papeles y funciones urbanas de la ciudad local de Carolina, situada en el Sur de Maranhão, frente a la expansión de la frontera agrícola en la Amazonia Legal. La investigación fue construida a partir de revisión teórica en Santos (1979, 2008), Valverde y Días (1967), Melo (2008), Brito (2009) y Fresca (2010); de los datos sobre población, empresas por sector de la economía y empleos formales e informales en el Instituto Brasileño de Geografía y Estadística; y trabajo de campo. Se constató que esa ciudad tuvo un importante papel en la región sur-maranhense y norte tocantinense antes de la política de integración nacional de los años 1960. No siendo beneficiada por esa política, la ciudad perdió funciones en la red urbana, pero no entró en completo proceso de vaciamiento demográfico y económico. Actualmente, el comercio y los servicios de Carolina están dirigidos especialmente para atender la demanda de la población local – rural y urbana. En el segmento industrial, la ciudad tiene un mayor protagonismo, especialmente, por la actuación de dos empresas, la PIPES y la Marka Florestal. Además, el agronegocio de la soja se encuentra en pleno proceso de expansión, lo que puede traer nuevas dinámicas a la ciudad, además de conflictos en el campo.

Palabras-clave: Carolina; Ciudad Local; Red Urbana; Frontera Agrícola.


Palavras-chave


Carolina; Cidade Local; Rede Urbana; Fronteira Agrícola.

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.v4n14p145-167

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Direitos autorais 2018 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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