ECOHYDROLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES OF DEGRADING BAOLIS DURING MEDIEVAL PERIOD IN DELHI: traditional practices of water management

Subhash Anand, Pankaj Gautam, Harish Kumar

Resumo


Baolis are water reservoir in architectural monuments which had been built by various sultanate of Delhi in different time period and most of Baolis were built during the medieval time period. The Baolis are found throughout the country but all are different in respect of art and architecture. The sultanates of Delhi had built a number of Baolis in Delhi to show their control and prestige in the society. There are about 12 Baolis existing in Delhi and out of them, four Baolis are almost about to extinct and few Baolis such as Nizamuddin, Firoz Shah and Rajon ki Baolis are being used by local people. This paper comprises the information related with Baolis which was built by sultanates of Delhi during the medieval time period in Delhi. Present paper attempts to describe the traditional method of water management as Baolis in medieval period and their present status. Study is based on primary as well secondary sources of information and primary survey and personal observation has been conducted and secondary sources of data and information have been used in this paper. Paper concluded that Baolis are not having good conditions and these are very much polluted and degraded and its degradation also leads the eco hydrological loss in their adjacent areas. The careless approaches of people towards these Baolis are major causes behind the extinction and degradation of these Baolis. The community’s awareness and participation is only way to protect these Baolis from the extinction.

Keywords: Baolis; Architectural; Monument; Medieval; Degradation; Eco hydrology; Pollution; Management.


PERSPECTIVAS ECOHIDROLÓGICAS DE DEGRADAÇÃO DOS BAOLIS DURANTE O PERÍODO MEDIEVAL EM DELHI: práticas tradicionais de gestão da água

RESUMO
Baolis são reservatórios de água em monumentos arquitetônicos que tinham sido construídos por vários sultanatos de Delhi em diferentes períodos de tempo e a maioria dos Baolis foram construídos durante a Idade Média. Os Baolis são
encontrados em todo o país, mas todos são diferentes no que diz respeito à arte e arquitetura. Os sultanatos de Delhi tinham construído uma série de Baolis na cidade, para mostrar seu controle e prestígio na sociedade. Há 12 Baolis existentes em Delhi e, fora dela, quatro Baolis estão prestes a se extinguir e poucos Baolis, como Nizamuddin, Firoz Shah e Rajon ki, estão sendo usados pela população local. Este artigo compreende a informação relacionada com Baolis, que foi construído por sultanatos de Delhi, durante o período medieval na Índia. O presente artigo tenta descrever o método tradicional de gestão da água como Baolis no período medieval e seu status atual. O estudo baseia-se em fontes primárias e secundárias de informação, pesquisa primária e a observação foi conduzida através de fontes secundárias de dados e informações. Concluiu-se que os Baolis não apresentam boas condições devido à poluição e degradação. Essa degradação também leva à perda ecohidrológica em suas áreas adjacentes. As aproximações descuidadas de pessoas nestes locais são as causas principais por trás da extinção e da degradação destes Baolis. A conscientização e participação da comunidade é apenas uma maneira de proteger esses Baolis da extinção.

Palavras-chave: Baolis; Arquitetônico; Monumento; Medieval; Degradação; Ecohidrologia; Poluição; Gestão.


PERSPECTIVAS ECOHIDROLÓGICAS DE LA DEGRADACIÓN BAOLIS DURANTE EL PERIODO MEDIEVAL EN DELHI: prácticas tradicionales de la gestión del agua

RESUMEN
Baolis es el depósito de agua en los monumentos arquitectónicos que habían sido construidos por varios sultanato de Delhi en diferentes períodos de tiempo y la mayoría de Baolis fueron construidos durante el período de tiempo medieval. Los Baolis se encuentran en todo el país, pero todos son diferentes en lo que respecta al arte y la arquitectura. Los sultanatos de Delhi habían construido una serie de Baolis en Delhi para mostrar su control y prestigio en la sociedad. Hay alrededor de 12 Baolis existentes en Delhi y de ellos, cuatro Baolis están a punto de extinguirse y pocos Baolis como Nizamuddin, Firoz Shah y Rajon ki Baolis están siendo utilizados por la gente local. Este artículo comprende la información relacionada con Baolis que fue construida por sultanatos de Delhi durante el período de tiempo medieval en Delhi. El presente trabajo intenta describir el método tradicional de gestión del agua como Baolis en época medieval y su estado actual. El estudio se basa en fuentes primarias y secundarias de información y se realizó una encuesta primaria y personal y se han utilizado fuentes secundarias de datos e información en este documento. El artículo concluyó que Baolis no está teniendo buenas condiciones y estas están muy contaminadas y degradadas y su degradación también conduce a la pérdida ecológica hidrológica en sus áreas adyacentes. Los acercamientos descuidados de la gente hacia estos Baolis son causas principales detrás de la extinción y de la degradación de estos Baolis. La conciencia de la comunidad y la participación es la única manera de proteger a estos Baolis de la extinción.

Palabras clave: Baolis; Arquitectónico; Monumento; Medieval; Degradación; Eco hidrología; Contaminación; Manejo.


Palavras-chave


Baolis; Architectural; Monument; Medieval; Degradation; Eco hydrology; Pollution; Management

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549/interespaco.v2n6p143-162

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Direitos autorais 2017 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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