GUIA METODOLOGICA PARA UN MANEJO INTEGRAL COSTERO APLICADO A PEHUEN CO (ARGENTINA)

María Luján Bustos

Resumo


Los planes de manejo integral costero (MIC) en Argentina son casi inexistentes. Al sur de la provincia de Buenos Aires (Argentina) es necesaria una planificación debido a la intensidad de la erosión costera que afecta en especial las zonas urbanizadas. Es necesario el trazado de estrategias de MIC que se puedan aplicar en toda la zona de forma sostenible. En este proceso es fundamental la participación y compromiso de los actores sociales. Por este motivo se construye una guía metodológica para un MIC con la participación social y se aplica a la localidad de Pehuen Co. Se obtuvo que la erosión costera y la estacionalidad turística son los ejes fundamentales, tanto para la visión científica como para la social. Sobre estos se delinearon acciones y estrategias a corto, medio y largo plazo e indicadores de seguimiento. Es necesario el compromiso de las autoridades locales, en trabajo conjunto con los actores sociales, para el correcto funcionamiento de los MIC.

Palabras clave: Manejo Integral Costero; Indicadores Ambientales; Erosión; Estacionalidad Turística, Pehuen Co (Argentina).


METHODOLOGICAL GUIDE FOR COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTEGRAL APPLIED TO PEHUEN CO (ARGENTINA)

ABSTRACT
The integrated coastal managements (ICM) in Argentina are limited. To the south of the province of Buenos Aires (Argentina) is necessary the incorporation of planning activities due to the coastal erosion is increasing. This process affect especially coastal cities. For these reason, is necessary to carry out ICM strategies that can be applied throughout the area. In order to do this, the stakeholder's perception was consider as a fundamental issue. In this context, a methodological ICM was built considering the stakeholders participation. The study area was Pehuen Co, Buenos Aires (Argentina). As a results, it was obtained that coastal erosion and tourism seasonality are the main activities to guide the ICM in this town. As a consequence, strategies in different time scales (short, medium and long term) and monitoring indicators were made. As a conclusion, the sustainability of the ICM is only possible if stakeholder and decision makers work together.

Keywords: Integrated Coastal Management; Environmental Indicators; Erosion; Tourism Seasonality; Pehuen Co (Argentina).


GUIA METODOLÓGICO PARA A GESTÃO COSTEIRA INTEGRAL APLICADA À PEHUÉN CO (ARGENTINA)

RESUMO
Os planos de gestão costeira integrada (GCI) na Argentina são quase inexistentes. No Sul da província de Buenos Aires (Argentina), o planejamento por causa da intensidade da erosão costeira, que afeta especialmente as áreas urbanizadas, é necessário. É fundamental ainda traçar estratégias de GCI que possam ser aplicadas em toda a área de forma sustentável. Neste processo, a participação e o compromisso dos atores sociais são fundamentais. Por esta razão, um guia metodológico foi construído para uma GCI com participação social e aplica-se à localidade de Pehuen Co. Obteve-se como resultado que a erosão costeira e a sazonalidade do turismo são os pilares tanto para a visão científica quanto para a social. Sobre isso, foram delineadas ações e estratégias a curto, médio e longo prazos e indicadores de acompanhamento. Concluiu-se que é necessário o compromisso das autoridades locais, trabalhando em conjunto com as partes interessadas, para o bom funcionamento do GCI.

Palavras-chave: Gestão Integrada Costeira; Indicadores Ambientais; Erosão; Sazonalidade do Turismo; Pehuen Co (Argentina).


Palavras-chave


Manejo Integral Costero; Indicadores Ambientales; Erosión; Estacionalidad Turística, Pehuen Co (Argentina)

Texto completo:

PDF (Español (España))


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549/interespaco.v2n6p96-121

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2017 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

data:image/png;base64,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


INDEXADORES E BASES BIBLIOGRÁFICAS:

DOAJ | Periódicos CAPES | CLASE | BIBLATREDIB | LATINDEX | DIADORIM | SUMÁRIOS.ORG | RCAAP | CROSSREF | Google Scholar | LivRe!| LatinREV | Actualidade IberoamericanaResearchBib | OAJI.net | Scilit | DRJI | PBN | Scientific Indexing Services | PKP INDEX | OpenAIRE | Open Science Diretory - EBSCO | AGORA-FAO |Biblioteke Virtual | JIFACTOR | MIAR | JOURNAL FACTOR |