CARACTERIZAÇÃO FISIOGRÁFICA E SOCIOECONÔMICA DO MUNICÍPIO DE PICOS/PI: potencialidades, limitações e vulnerabilidades

Albert Isaac Gomes Viana, Hikaro Kayo Brito Nunes, José Francisco de Araújo Silva, Léya Jéssyka Rodrigues Silva Cabral, Cláudia Maria Sabóia de Aquino, Raimundo Wilson Pereira dos Santos

Resumo


FISIOGRAPHIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF PICOS/PI: potentialities, limitations and vulnerabilities

CARACTERIZACIÓN FISIOGRÁFICA Y SOCIOECONÓMICO DEL MUNICIPIO DE PICOS/PI: potencialidades, limitaciones y vulnerabilidades

Com o intenso uso dos recursos naturais por parte da sociedade, há a criação ou uma maior nitidez das potencialidades, limitações e vulnerabilidades de determina área. Diante disso, o município de Picos possui características fisiográficas e socioeconômicas que requerem um estudo científico e integrador destes elementos (sociedade e natureza), fornecendo um retrato da realidade local, o que possibilita (re)conhecer e instigar estudos sobre variadas temáticas. Desta forma, o objetivo apresentado é identificar e analisar as potencialidades, as limitações e as vulnerabilidades (em relação aos aspectos fisiográficos e socioeconômicos) do município de Picos/Piauí. Para tal, fez-se uso de levantamento bibliográfico, documental, teórico-conceitual e cartográfico, atividades de campo, acesso a sites institucionais e de notícias, além do uso de aparelho de GPS, câmera fotográfica, caderneta de campo e de ferramentas do QGis, ArcGis e do Google Earth Pro. Através do estudo foram constatadas as seguintes fragilidades, vulnerabilidades e limitações: apropriação irregular do relevo e impactos ambientais, os aspectos educacionais, culturais, religiosos, de infraestrutura e de disponibilidade dos recursos naturais. Partindo do princípio de que a ocupação humana e suas atividades são intimamente relacionadas principalmente à necessidade de recursos naturais e à antropização de ambientes é necessário, diante do estudo realizado, implantar políticas específicas para diminuir os riscos a que a população picoense é exposta e suas vulnerabilidades associadas, bem como promover mecanismos de sustentação e melhoria dos pontos que foram encontrados como potencialidade.

Palavras-chave: Caracterização Fisiográfica e Socioeconômica; Potencialidades; Limitações e Vulnerabilidades; Picos/PI.

ABSTRACT
With the intensive use of natural resources by society, there is the creation or greater clarity of the potentialities, limitations and vulnerabilities of a given area. In view of this, the municipality of Picos has physiographic and socioeconomic characteristics that require a scientific and integrative study of these elements (society and nature), providing a picture of the local reality, which makes it possible to (re) know and instigate studies on various themes. In this way, the objective is to identify and analyze the potentialities, limitations and vulnerabilities (in relation to the physiographic and socioeconomic aspects) of the municipality of Picos/Piauí. To do so, we used bibliographical, documentary, theoretical-conceptual and cartographic surveys, field activities, access to institutional and news sites, as well as the use of a GPS device, photographic camera, field book and tools such as QGis, ArcGis, and Google Earth Pro. Through the study, the following fragility, vulnerabilities and limitations were identified: irregular appropriation of relief and environmental impacts, educational, cultural, religious aspects, infrastructure and availability of natural resources. Assuming that human occupation and its activities are closely related mainly to the need for natural resources and to the anthropization of environments, it is necessary, in the light of the study carried out, to implement specific policies to reduce the risks to which the picoense population is exposed and its vulnerabilities Associated mechanisms, as well as to promote mechanisms of support and improvement of the points that were found as potentiality.

Keywords: Physiographic and Socioeconomic Characterization; Potentialities; Limitations and Vulnerabilities; Picos/PI.

RESUMEN
Con el intenso uso de los recursos naturales por parte de la sociedad, hay la creación o una mayor nitidez de las potencialidades, limitaciones y vulnerabilidades de determinada área. Delante de eso, el municipio de Picos tiene características fisiográficas y socioeconómicas que requieren un estudio científico e integrador de estos elementos (sociedad y naturaleza), proporcionando un retrato de la realidad local, lo que posibilita (re)conocer e instigar estudios sobre variadas temáticas. De esta forma, el objetivo presentado es identificar y analizar las potencialidades, las limitaciones y las vulnerabilidades (en relación a los aspectos fisiográficos y socioeconómicos) del municipio de Picos/Piauí. Para tal, se hizo uso de levantamiento bibliográfico, documental, teórico-conceptual y cartográfico, actividades de campo, acceso a sitios institucionales y de noticias, además del uso de aparato de GPS, cámara fotográfica, cuaderno de campo y de herramientas de QGis ArcGis y del Google Earth Pro. A través del estudio se constataron las siguientes fragilidades, vulnerabilidades y limitaciones: apropiación irregular del relieve e impactos ambientales, los aspectos educativos, culturales, religiosos, de infraestructura y de disponibilidad de los recursos naturales. Partiendo del principio de que la ocupación humana y sus actividades están íntimamente relacionadas principalmente con la necesidad de recursos naturales y la antropización de ambientes es necesario, ante el estudio realizado, implantar políticas específicas para disminuir los riesgos a que la población picoense es expuesta y sus vulnerabilidades asociadas, así como promover mecanismos de sustentación y mejora de los puntos que se han encontrado como potencialidad.

Palabras clave: Caracterización Fisiográfica y Socioeconómica; Potenciales; Limitaciones y Vulnerabilidades; Picos/PI.


Palavras-chave


Caracterização Fisiográfica e Socioeconômica; Potencialidades; Limitações e Vulnerabilidades; Picos/PI

Texto completo:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.v3n9p88-108

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2017 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAE4AAAA/CAIAAADBtmkuAAAUO0lEQVRogeVaeVBT1/e/7EFBxKJUwVrFqVVwqYqACgoISGmVJQiKWrW4g7hOUUBbt6JSKYpLg4QAwrAooywJBCQsLtRtUhRFBQFFB0ESNmMWkvf74wx3Li8BbcdvvzO/7/2DCe/dd+75nP2c9xD1P7PQf5uBf299GqgqtaXsv+AKuYH24CdhY/D1KaFiML29vb29vUqlsrdvKRQKpVKpvhML4l9A+/eg0lRHXiG1Bzhpz9J0i/+lafs/B/tvQNWIEN8CjkmQMpnszp070dHRLBbr6dOncrkckwJxDCS1/z5UYJFUAs0b8ba6ujo2m+3n52dqaooQQghZWFgEBAScP3++urpaIpGQBAGzRjqfdv0TAyZ9UqFQYOZEIlFRUdG2bdsmTpwICA0NDV1cXOzs7FDfMjc39/HxOX/+vFAofP/+PaaM3fvfgKruMBoXDjbYUOVy+b1796Kjo+fOnaujowOQpk6dumfPnvLy8q6urtbWVi6Xu3v3bltbW21tbdhgZmb23XffxcTE/Pnnnz09PUBKY4gaxMhVapF8EEmhD+KknUrGmxcvXqSmpi5btmzkyJEYQGBgYHp6+suXL9UPe/XqVV5e3q5du+zt7RkMBtazq6trREQEn8/HmEkM5A91qBqvf6xWlQMsvFMkEl27dm3Hjh1TpkwBdvX09BwdHaOjo4VCYW9vL2wj/RAMAVMoLy9fsGABIpaVldXx48e7urpo0sTypYUxlVr0/qDxa4aKqSsUChw5e3t7Hz58GBsb6+joqK+vj1kMDQ29du1aR0eHOilMB67LZLIbN25s3779q6++gseHDBni5uaWlJTU3NysVCoVCgXsbG5uTkhISExMfPz4Mc2lIUWTOD8ypA2oVVIJzc3NGRkZQUFBn3/+ObBoamrKZDI5HE5DQwPJByxS5HBLJBJdunSJyWQOGzYMKIwZM+bHH38sKirq7u4mGXrw4MHPP/9sY2MD2ywtLX19fePi4u7cuYPNm+rLBX8rJ/eDivUJVyQSSWlpaXh4+NSpU7Gl2dnZHThw4NatWzKZDJ+qUChoFRIm29DQcPr0aScnJy0tLRyx9u/fLxQKSbbkcnl5eXlISIi5uTne5uDggM3HxMTEzc3t8OHDpaWlYrGYxrZ61amOnA4VTEgsFp87d87Nzc3Q0BBOGj9+fHBw8JUrV9ra2vB+QIhPwioFDd+9ezcyMnLy5MlAwcDAwNPTMzExkRaxRCJRZmYmk8kcMmQI7HRxcTl37tzLly9FIpFAIDh06JCHh8eIESMwHQcHh/Dw8Ly8vKamJkwHM4NZollWv7wK2mhpafHx8cF03dzczp49++zZM/wMpkKWuFiT3d3dPB5v9erVZmZmQGT06NHBwcHFxcVk8UBRVGNj49mzZ+fOnQvbhg4dymQyr1y50tXVRbO9np4eoVB45syZpUuXjh07FvYzGIypU6euX7+ezWbX1tZikL1qiw4VBCCXy7dt2wa0bGxsCgoKyKSHszwZt7DBv379OjEx0dnZ2cDAAChMmzbtyJEjNTU1pEkrlUqhUBgREYGDk4WFRUhIyI0bN6RSKRY6XrR4U1NT88MPP5DRe+bMmQUFBZhDUnOaoQK5mpqaMWPGIISGDx9eWFhIA4lPpaWER48eHTp0aPr06TRbffHiBamc9+/fFxcXBwcHjxo1CnZaW1sfPHiwpqYG84BthLQduKtQKIqLi1etWvXZZ5/B47Nnz46Pj29ubibNSi6XP3/+/N27d6SpaoCal5enp6eHEFqyZIlUKlURZSCZIeH5np4ePp+/detWCwsLHFe3bNmibqttbW0XL15csmQJDjPu7u4sFqu5uRmfTgoUmyJwJZfL8/PzAwICcOHh5OTEYrHevHmDlUFRlEwmEwgEa9asmTBhgqen59GjRysrK3H4pEO9cuUK1G47d+7EJCiiWFEoFBC6SkpKlixZgs+eNm3aoUOHHjx4QPVf9fX1sbGxc+bMgW3GxsaBgYFXr17FsqA5BYYKJ4Imly1bBgpACM2ZM4fFYrW3t5MgVSpVWVnZqlWrcGyDFRgYiJ2CDvXq1atQx+7atYvqc2ASKuiTz+djI/T09ExOTn79+jWJsLe39/bt2z/99BMu/ceNGxcWFnbjxg0QMxnAKSJnyOVyuCKRSHg8XmBgIObe0dGRzWa3traSDCsUivLy8pUrVw4dOhS2+fn5BQUFaWtrGxoacrlczJIGrQLU3bt3A8e0BA3gt27dCjHzt99+o3mFVCrl8/mrVq3C6WH69OlHjx6tra3FB4FpkFZKOr9UKuXxeD4+Pthk7O3tk5KSsCZxPistLV2xYoWxsTFCSEdHx9PT89KlS+3t7YGBgQghHx8fmUymIdnASXl5eeBOmzdvBpmpVPS+VKlUrly5EiG0cOFCUBGOCkKh0MfHByjo6Oi4u7snJSVhhWM8OAlDAMfmKpVK8/PzfX19sUu7uLhwOJy3b9+SIEGa2HV1dHSWLl2am5sLJeSTJ09Gjx6NEDp//jylMSzBpbt374I2rK2tnz17hm9hjwLOINx7eHiA3wIHLS0t8+bNAxb9/f3z8/Np3RmtpoGKBXNfVFTk7++PQTo7O6elpeEcCzKSSqXFxcVBQUGQz7S0tLy8vHJycsg6uaKiYujQoXp6eqWlpRQRbug18Lt374KCguCwBQsW8Pl8bJ+gCti2YsUKiDGbNm0qKSkBhioqKsD4d+zYQTokzSLIsoyiqPfv3xcWFgYEBODKzNXVNSUlBVd/OLoWFhYymUyQhb6+PpPJzM3NBfbIgrS8vHzIkCEMBuP69esaoGLrpyiqoaFhyZIlcKqenp6Hh0diYuKrV69IoVy9etXZ2Rmioq6urqura1JSEofD0dLSMjY2rqqqwlaNLYI0CtInvb29cXR1dnbOysrq7OwkuVIoFKWlpUwmE7aBuXK5XFq9gSnfvXvX1NRUS0srIyNDs1apvsKdoqjOzs6UlBQvLy8jIyNgYtKkSbt27SorK8NJoqOjo7CwcPPmzePGjYM9w4cPRwhZWlr+9ddfVP+QhotkoC+RSPLz8/38/MDZtLW13dzc0tPTaZp89+5dXl7esmXLIAgzGAxfX9+8vDzMA63YgKfa2togt4WGhpIVv+YmDq5IJJLy8vKdO3fiCo7BYHz//fccDqexsRE/+PTp099//93JyQmkbmZmdv/+feADByHMGUh96dKlurq6APLbb7/NycmhzR+kUmlBQcHSpUvBI/T19f39/fl8Pm6elZraNyzK48ePI4QsLCyqq6sxn5pnS7RisqmpicViLV68GKe4yZMnh4eHX79+HVtRZ2cnl8tdvXq1ra3tvXv3qL7ojbkH5sjQBSCxs8G2np6evLw8X19fkIWBgQGTyeTxeOD8yoGnqlhDDQ0NGzduhCMiIyPpUMlnSLRkudzT01NaWrpt2zZsscOGDfP29k5JSSE9uba2tr29HRd3pHdQFFVRUQHhZ82aNdgnQVcymSw3N9fLywvKNQaDERgYiH0SqguSpkYzTE5OnjZtGq5tysrKBjNg1QBvXPDOurq68+fPu7m54XBiY2OzZ8+emzdvYgMjAy/pSGVlZbq6unp6epWVlQASTK6lpWXVqlWQQvT19ZcvX15SUoIzmXp4UxGtFZxYWVnp7e2NIwuLxQKn0Fzu0xa+SNuDlVxSUhIWFoZLP2NjY29v7+TkZLKIB1VgYQkEAl1dXQMDg9zcXFLhe/fuBSJeXl4lJSU0n6SxB7DlcjncampqCg8Ph3LAyMho+/btuCLAIv4AVHXkWJCkJzc2NsbHx7u7u+M6zsbGZv/+/VVVVdiTsfNfv34dVGdhYbF161Y+nw+zJU9PT4TQ3LlzoVlRETlcfWG3ev/+fWpqKm4e3d3d+Xw+eaJmqB+zsAPDD1yaUxTV3d1dUlJC5h4TExMmk5mZmUl2AmKx+OzZs4sWLYLQCjn53Llzjo6OCKGQkBCqr9dR9m8esR/hE2/duuXv7w9nTZw48dSpUzC1hJSpvv8fvshQ5wPvefLkyZkzZ5ydnSGEIoRmzJgRERFx79497FdisZjH44WEhODpCSAPDQ1VP4hWIVAU1dTUtHfvXpizDx06NCwsDPcSuJym2ePfg0p7El/EP5TEZKSzs7OoqGjLli2WlpYAxtTU1N/fPzMzE3dhFEXV1tbCPBGsesOGDXCdLK1wG0RRlEwmS01NxTF20aJFxcXFGkFSRFr5lFBV/YM21h5FUTU1NXFxcS4uLjhc29raHj58+P79+6SSuVxuQEDAoUOHaATJmfvt27eXL18ORKysrE6dOgVtHeQhiFKDKOOTvTVX9h879fafsHV3d/P5/PXr12MljxgxYuXKlZcvX8bTVqVS2dHRQWuhgOabN29++eUXGCkZGBisX7/+yZMnVF+EJ5PiIEx+4m8hKLVITvqYUqmsra09efIkBCFYc+bMiY6OhrIZFjkllMlkmZmZtra2uB/gcrkgQVwA44PUVfqJoar6J17aLWX/uRFcF4vFBQUFGzZsgB4aITRq1ChQskgkwo/fvn07ICAANowbNy4uLg7fJcsSivCj/yxUalCt0tRLVppKpfLhw4fHjh2bP38+Dtfz58+PjY2FLwvgFZG+vn5wcPDDhw/hKdInNTrnR0EdiMsPLpLCQATVczLG3N7ezuPx1q1bByNoCNfwY968ebm5uaq+xlW93lQ/kRoggg4GdSD8HykXdahkWicvYoKPHj06duyYvb29lpbW2LFjY2JicIzt7f+CTyM/6iamAergTJMipF0fHCo1QGOp8QjMU3t7e35+vlAoxLzRKhaNj6vf0gxVHS3NSGhX1NfgMD5IBN8lc/IgCAexEXLnYFCVA4Rs9Ydpp/YSL/zUmVP2n/eq0yfJkhXSQHhU/WO7ukxpVk2HClsHYuKDS6VSkd/20IoBrK6PPELV98GXUq1HwXdVRJeDD1VviTRAValUb9++jY2NjYqKioqKioyMxH+joqL27duXmZnJZrOjoqIOHDgQFRUVERERFRUVExPDZrNv3rwJLVt1dXVkZOTp06fFYjEp9Y6Ojvj4+AMHDlRVVXE4nIiIiP3790dGRkZERET2rX379qWlpcXHx//666/QzeGoC3g6OjpOnjx5+PDhhoYG0liys7PDw8MzMzM1dvAaoFIUVV9fD92GlpaWjo6Otra2Tt9CCAUFBcGbX7iLr0Nfvnbt2tbW1szMTKhR4e04PuzVq1eTJk1CCMXHx8+fPx83NLQjfH19oZpfv349DLJhUgHs7d+/H2rDiooKbCB37tyBLsfU1BRmv7iJ0wwVLtXX13/xxRcIoZiYmMrKymvXrgkEgpKSEh6Px+Vyr1+/DjXanj17iouLuVwuj8fLyMg4cOCAlZUVtCYXL15ECH399dcAFRve69ev4ZuKM2fOLFy4ECEUEREhEAgKCwuLioqAPpfLLSoqwt98HDx4kBRWRkYG9AympqYwr6EoSiqVwpzFwcEBIeTh4QFdK+k+mrX6/Plz6K0TEhIeP35cXV0tFArxKLS7u3vWrFkIoYsXL9JcSyAQmJmZGRkZbdy4UUdHZ/LkyepaxVCdnJwQQjk5Oeou2tzcbGVlZWRkNGrUKF1d3YSEBLheVVVlbm5ubGxsampqYmKCobLZbISQq6trXV0dzCJPnz5N9fV0pIf3y6sAFfSjr69vaGhoaGiopaXl7u4OohKJRLNnz0YIJSYmYsmBF0kkEjc3N4SQnZ2dgYHBlClTYMKkUasuLi4IIXt7+4CAAF9fXz8/v5ycHGCgoaFhwoQJVlZWLBZr5MiRJiYmZWVlb968gY/24uLiHBwcDA0NwYDr6+utrKyMjY0FAgFFUTwez8TEZOzYsTD+pdWh/YajAHX8+PEIIU9Pz40bNwYHB69Zs+bYsWMwrRWJRKBVNptN9eU9oNXV1QW6cnJyYjAYWKt4nElq1dnZGdx75MiRZmZmw4YNi42NBQYaGhqsrKzGjBnT2NiYkZGhra09ZcqUxYsXI4QiIyPFYvGsWbMYDAZoNTQ0FCE0bdq0tLS09PT0lJQUmDMtX74culxymKoBKvhqeXm5unVhA05LS6Pdys7ONjIyGjFiREhIiLa2trW1NX5TCEskEs2YMQMMDL66O3HixNOnT2tqaqqrq1taWoCnxsbGiRMnjh49+vHjxxRFHTlyBPzW29u7p6dHLBbPnDlTX1//3r17AoEA3rMwGAwYHWtra+OXV/DChqy0NRgw+OrOnTs5HE5CQsKFCxdYLFZCQsIff/xx+fJlMOB169YlJiYmJCQkJCQcP348ODgY+uZdu3bl5ORAU3bixAl4lsViXbhw4eTJk9CysVgsiMDZ2dmkLAAqGLC5uTl8CyKVSteuXWtnZwfTo9bW1pkzZxoZGfF4PPCCHTt2ZGVlpaampqWlXbx4MSsra9OmTQgha2tr+KoJ53MNERgMWONydXUlP+4ll6WlZXh4eFdX1+vXr/GnSOrL0dGxqqoKXh+lp6dTxPsObMBffvmlubk5nox1dHTgmWNbW9s333xjbGzs6+sL/NC+26Moqr29HeJTWFiYTCbTnGwg0efk5CQnJ6ekpCT3X0lJSXw+n8vlwr8cDgf+pqWlFRQUkO//6+rqMjMzk5KSaBSysrLq6uokEklubi6Hw6mvr8cFFl6dnZ05OTnZ2dlisVhJTDDA6yQSSUFBQUpKSmpqKpvNBs2TtTToUCgUJiUlXbp0CT5FpUNV9X2HQf3Tpez72HDwbeRH/LQ6Ttl/OqP+AZM6cZw/yU4Y3yWncPTXU3AATdLkSeQPWp1NK3rJbeqPkxtoZ/WqLQwGwAMAkjh5BNktaIjAJFpalUz+wHuo/k2D+rPqe0giGvcPdPGD2z5ISgNU2iYaDPWdKjVxqItG44M0wanUpDn4ieQP2h6Nm+lQ/9+v/yGo/wcVdEZllzI2KQAAAABJRU5ErkJggg==


INDEXADORES E BASES BIBLIOGRÁFICAS:

DOAJ | Periódicos CAPES | CLASE | BIBLATREDIB | LATINDEX | DIADORIM | SUMÁRIOS.ORG | RCAAP | CROSSREF | Google Scholar | LivRe!| LatinREV | Actualidade IberoamericanaResearchBib | OAJI.net | Scilit | DRJI | PBN | Scientific Indexing Services | PKP INDEX | OpenAIRE | Open Science Diretory - EBSCO | AGORA-FAO |Biblioteke Virtual | JIFACTOR | MIAR | JOURNAL FACTOR |