ESCRAVIDÃO CONTEMPORÂNEA: condições de trabalho no relato de maranhenses resgatados de trabalho escravo contemporâneo

Nilziane Costa Costa, Sávio José Dias Rodrigues

Resumo


CONTEMPORARY SLAVERY: working conditions in the report of Maranhão rescued from contemporary slave labor

LA ESCLAVITUD CONTEMPORÁNEA: las condiciones de trabajo en la presentación de maranhenses rescatados de trabajo esclavo contemporáneo

Analisar as condições de trabalho no relato dos trabalhadores vítimas de trabalho escravo contemporâneo como forma de identificar a precarização do trabalho e objetificação do ser humano nesse tipo de prática. Buscamos compreender as condições de trabalho e o perfil das vítimas que são aliciadas, fazendo uma relação entre condições socioeconômicas nas regiões de origem e as condições em que esses sujeitos se submetem. Este trabalho desenvolveu-se a partir de pesquisa bibliográfica, sobretudo, se embasando teoricamente na análise do materialismo histórico, além da coleta de dados na Comissão Pastoral da Terra, nos período de 2003 a 2014 e pesquisa de campo nos municípios de Açailândia, Santa Helena e Palmeirândia, bem como, relações com representações fílmicas brasileiras. As falas dos sujeitos aliciados para o trabalho escravo mostram condições que estão aquém da dignidade, apontando, por exemplo, a partilha de espaços e de água com animais como o gado das fazendas. Além dessas condições, as situações de medo impostas aos trabalhadores no momento da denúncia afetam a sua vida em diversos aspectos cotidianos, como do trabalho ou mesmo das relações sociais. Muitos dos aspectos psicológicos pós-aliciamento se vinculam com o trauma da condição vivida e o medo. A reprodução da pobreza no Maranhão tem sido um dos fatores para a saída de trabalhadores para outras regiões do país e seu aliciamento para o trabalho escravo. A necessidade e na busca por melhores condições de vida, trabalhadores aceitam qualquer oferta de trabalho e assim são alvos fáceis para aliciadores do trabalho escravo contemporâneo.

Palavras-chave: Trabalho Escravo; Condições de Trabalho; Maranhão.

ABSTRACT
To analyze the conditions of work in the report of the workers victims of contemporary slave labor as a way of identifying the precariousness of work and objectification of the human being in this type of practice. We seek to understand the working conditions and the profile of the victims that are attracted, making a relation between socioeconomic conditions in the regions of origin and the conditions in which these subjects submit. This work was developed from a bibliographical research, mainly based on the analysis of historical materialism, besides the data collection in the Pastoral Land Commission From 2003 to 2014 and field research in the municipalities of Açailândia, Santa Helena and Palmeirândia, as well as relations with Brazilian film representations. Speeches by people who are attracted to slave labor show conditions that fall short of dignity, such as the sharing of spaces and water with animals such as farm animals. In addition to these conditions, the situations of fear imposed on the workers at the time of denunciation affect their life in various everyday aspects, such as work or even social relations. Many of the post-gypsy psychological aspects are linked to the trauma of the lived condition and fear. The reproduction of poverty in Maranhão has been one of the factors for the exit of workers to other regions of the country and their enticement for slave labor. The necessity and the search for better living conditions, workers accept any job offer and thus are targets easy for enablers of contemporary slave labor.

Keywords: Slave Labor; Work Conditions; Maranhão.

RESUMEN
Analizar las condiciones de trabajo en la notificación de los trabajadores víctimas de la esclavitud contemporánea como una manera de identificar la precariedad del trabajo y la objetivación del ser humano en este tipo de práctica. Buscamos entender las condiciones de trabajo y el perfil de las víctimas que son atraídos por hacer una relación entre las condiciones socioeconómicas en las regiones de origen y las condiciones en que estos sujetos se someten. Este trabajo fue desarrollado a partir de la literatura, sobre todo si en teoría, basándose en el análisis del materialismo histórico, además de la recolección de datos en la Comisión Pastoral de la Tierra y de la investigación de campo en los municipios de Açailândia, Santa Elena y Palmeirândia. Los discursos de la gente engaña a los esclavos muestra condiciones de trabajo que están debajo de la dignidad, señalando, por ejemplo, compartiendo espacios y animales acuáticos como explotaciones de ganado vacuno. Además de estas condiciones, las situaciones de miedo impuestas a los trabajadores en el momento de la terminación afectan a su vida en muchos aspectos cotidianos, como el trabajo o las relaciones sociales. Muchos de los aspectos psicológicos post-aseo están vinculados a la condición de trauma experimentado y el miedo. La reproducción de la pobreza en Maranhão ha sido uno de los factores para la salida de los trabajadores a otras regiones del país y su arreglo personal para el trabajo esclavo. La necesidad y la búsqueda de mejores condiciones de vida, los trabajadores aceptan ninguna oferta de trabajo y por lo tanto son objetivos fáciles para los reclutadores del trabajo esclavo contemporáneo.

Palabras clave: El Trabajo Esclavo; Condiciones de Trabajo; Maranhão.

 


Palavras-chave


Trabalho Escravo; Condições de Trabalho; Maranhão

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.v3n9p49-65

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Direitos autorais 2017 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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