ANALFABETISMO: um entrave histórico para a cidadania no Brasil

José Claudio dos Santos Costa, Maria do Socorro Monteiro, Wandeilson Silva de Miranda

Resumo


O presente trabalho visa discutir como o analfabetismo, atrelado à ausência de educação primária, contribuiu negativamente para o desenvolvimento da cidadania no Brasil. Tomando por base o livro Cidadania no Brasil: o longo caminho, de José Murilo de Carvalho, discorreremos sobre os conceitos de cidadania, analfabetismo, relações entre educação e cidadania e ainda tomaremos como exemplo uma atividade que realizamos no âmbito do Programa Institucional de Bolsas de Iniciação à Docência (Pibid) em uma escola pública no município de São Bernardo (MA). Dessa forma queremos mostrar como o analfabetismo excluiu por mais de 400 anos a grande maioria da população brasileira da cidadania plena, desde o direito ao voto, ao trabalho digno, o acesso às leis e à cultura letrada de um modo geral.

 

ILLITERACY: an obstacle history for citizenship in Brazil

Abstract

This paper aims to discuss how illiteracy, linked to the absence of primary education, contributed negatively to the development of citizenship in Brazil. Based on the book Citizenship in Brazil: the long way, by José Murilo de Carvalho, we´ll discuss the concepts of citizenship, illiteracy, relationships between education and citizenship and yet we will take the example of an activity conducted under the Institutional Program Initiation Scholarships to Teaching (PIBID) in a public school in São Bernardo (MA). Thus we want to show how illiteracy excluded for more than 400 years the vast majority of the population of full citizenship, since the right to vote, decent work, access to laws and to literacy in general.

Palavras-chave


Analfabetismo; Educação; Cidadania; Illiteracy; Education; Citizenship

Texto completo:

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Referências


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BRASIL. Ministério da Educação. Mapa do analfabetismo no Brasil. Secretaria Executiva. Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira (INEP), 2003. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 18 abr. 2015.

CARVALHO, José Murilo de. Cidadania no Brasil. O longo Caminho. 3. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 2002.

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RIBEIRO, Vera Masagão. Analfabetismo e alfabetismo funcional no Brasil. [s. d.]. Disponível em: < http://www.faccamp.br/letramento/GERAIS/analfabetismo.pdf> Acesso em: 08 abr. 2015.

SAVIANI, Demerval. Ética, Educação e Cidadania. PhiloS - Revista Brasileira de Filosofia no 1° Grau, ano 8, n. 15, p. 19-37, jan./jun. 2001. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 19 mar. 2015.

TONET, Ivo. Educação, Cidadania e Emancipação Humana. Ijuí: Ed. Unijuí, 2005. 256 p. Disponível em: Acesso em: 19 mar. 2015.

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Apontamentos

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Direitos autorais 2015 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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