AS CENTRALIDADES E OS NOVOS ESPAÇOS DE CONSUMO EM UMA CIDADE MÉDIA AMAZÔNICA: hipermercado e supermercados em Marabá-PA

Magno Ricardo Silva de Carvalho

Resumo


THE CENTRALITIES AND THE NEW CONSUMPTION SPACES IN AN AVERAGE AMAZON CITY: hypermarket and supermarkets in Marabá-PA

LAS CENTRALIDADES Y LOS NUEVOS ESPACIOS DE CONSUMO EN UNA CIUDAD MEDIA DE AMAZON: hipermercado y supermercados en Marabá-PA

RESUMO

O principal objetivo do texto é colocar para o debate a condição dessa cidade amazônica como possuidora de distintas expressões de centralidade, bem como visualizar algumas mudanças no espaço urbano concernente ao comércio e, consequentemente, às próprias centralidades. O percurso metodológico aqui adotado consistiu em uma revisão bibliográfica acerca dos temas e processos selecionados para análise, através de autores como Sposito (1998, 2012), Sposito e Sposito (2017), Villaça (2001), Oliveira Júnior (2010, 2011), Silva (2003), Pereira (2013), Souza et al. (2013, 2014), Souza (2015), Becker (1990), Trindade Júnior et al. (2010), entre outros. Foram, ainda, utilizados recursos cartográficos no intuito de melhor visualizar e compreender as transformações espaciais. Foi possível compreender que a cidade de Marabá se apresenta enquanto multicêntrica desde outros momentos de sua história, e que isso está diretamente relacionado com o fato de ser esta também multinucleada, e que essa morfologia urbana, com núcleos distintos e descontínuos, também não é atribuída a processos recentes. Também foi possível visualizar algumas mudanças que julgamos importantes para uma leitura das centralidades no espaço da cidade, no que tange ao setor supermercadista, como o fato de, atualmente, a maioria dessas superfícies comerciais estarem às margens da rodovia, principalmente da Rodovia Transamazônica, e não nas “antigas” áreas centrais ou comerciais da cidade, além de uma significativa mudança no que concerne a origem do capital, onde percebe-se uma substituição de grandes lojas de grupos locais por outras de capital regional, nacional e até internacional.

Palavras-chave: Marabá. Espaços de consumo. Centralidades. Supermercados.

ABSTRACT

The main objective of the text is to debate the condition of this Amazonian city as having distinct expressions of centrality, as well as to visualize some changes in the urban space in relation to commerce and, consequently, to the centralities themselves. The methodological approach adopted here consisted of a literature review about the themes and processes selected for analysis, through authors such as Sposito (1998, 2012), Sposito e Sposito (2017), Villaça (2001), Oliveira Júnior (2010, 2011), Silva (2003), Pereira (2013), Souza et al. (2013, 2014), Souza (2015), Becker (1990), Trindade Júnior et al. (2010), among others. Cartographic resources were also used to better visualize and understand spatial transformations. We have come to the conclusion that the city of Marabá has been a multicenter for a long time in its history, and that this is directly related to the fact that it is also multinucleated, and that this urban morphology with distinct and discontinuous nuclei is not attributed to recent processes either. It was also possible to visualize some changes that we consider important for a reading of the centralities in the city space, with regard to the supermarket sector, such as the fact that, today, most of these commercial surfaces being on the banks of the highway, mainly from the Transamazon Highway, and not in the “old” central or commercial areas of the city, in addition to a significant change in the origin of capital, where there is a substitution of large stores of local groups for those of regional, national and even international capital.

Keywords: Marabá. Consumption spaces. Centralities. Supermarkets.

RESUMEN

El principal objetivo del texto es poner al debate la condición de este espacio urbano de la Amazônia como una ciudad que tiene diferentes expresiones de centralidad, bien como ver algunos cambios en el espacio urbano concernente al comercio y en consecuencia, a las proprias centralidades. El curso metodológico adoptado aqui consistió en una revisión bibliográfica acerca de los temas y procesos elegidos para análisis, utilizando autores como Sposito (1998, 2012), Sposito y Sposito (2017), Villaça (2001), Oliveira Júnior (2010, 2011), Silva (2003), Pereira (2013), Souza et al. (2013, 2014), Souza (2015), Becker (1990), Trindade Jr. et al. (2010), entre otros. Fueron, todavía, utilizados recursos cartográficos con el fin de mejor visualizar y entender las transformaciones espaciales. Se pudo entender que la ciudad de Marabá se presenta como ciudad multicéntrica de otros momentos de su historia, y que esta multiplicidad de expresiones de centralidad está directamente relacionada con el hecho de esta ser también multinucleada, y que esta morfología urbana, con núcleos distintos y descontinuos, no es atribuida a procesos recientes. También fue posible ver algunos cambios que juzgamos importante para una lectura de las centralidades en el espacio de la ciudad, en lo que concierne al sector de supermercados, como el hecho de, actualmente, la mayoría de estas superficies comerciales estar en los márgenes de la carretera, principalmente de la carretera Transamazônica, e no en el “viejos centros” de la ciudad, además de un significativo cambio en lo que concierne al origen del capital, donde se percebe una sustitución de grandes tiendas de grupos locales por otras de capital regional, nacional e incluso internacional.

Palabras clave: Marabá. Espacios de consumo. Centralidades. Supermercados.


Palavras-chave


Marabá; Espaços de consumo; Centralidades; Supermercados

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.2019.11790

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Direitos autorais 2019 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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