A DINÂMICA DA POLÍTICA HABITACIONAL BRASILEIRA EM TERESINA-PI

Vânia Vieira Lima, Bartira Araújo da Silva Viana

Resumo


THE DYNAMICS OF THE BRAZILIAN HOUSING POLICY IN TERESINA-PI

LA DINÁMICA DE LA POLÍTICA HABITACIONAL BRASILEÑA EN TERESINA-PI

RESUMO
A fim de equacionar o problema habitacional, o Estado criou políticas públicas habitacionais, que se intensificaram a partir da segunda metade do século XX. Dentre as interversões estatais no setor habitacional destaca-se a atuação do Banco Nacional da Habitação (BNH) da década de 1960 a 1980 e do Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida (PMCMV) no contexto recente. Ambos atuaram na expansão periférica das cidades brasileiras, por meio da construção de conjuntos/empreendimentos habitacionais. Teresina se insere nesse contexto uma vez que os conjuntos habitacionais, decorrentes do BNH e os empreendimentos habitacionais do PMCMV, têm forte atuação na expansão da cidade. Diante do exposto, o artigo objetiva compreender a dinâmica da política habitacional brasileira em Teresina-PI. Para tanto, propõem-se como objetivos específicos: discutir a evolução da política habitacional brasileira a partir da implantação do BNH até o PMCMV; apresentar a influência da política habitacional na expansão do espaço urbano teresinense, com foco na atuação do BNH e do PMCMV. Diante dos objetivos propostos, utilizou-se a pesquisa bibliográfica e documental como procedimentos metodológicos. A política habitacional desenvolvida em Teresina proporcionou a expansão da cidade, principalmente em direção à região Sul, onde concentra o maior número de unidades construídas.

Palavras-chave: Política Habitacional; Expansão Urbana; Teresina-PI.

ABSTRACT
In order to equate housing problem, the State created public housing policies, which intensified from the second half of the twentieth century. Among the state interchanges in the housing sector, the National Housing Bank (BNH) from the 1960s to the 1980s and the Minha Casa Minha Vida Program (PMCMV) in the recent context stand out. Both worked in the peripheral expansion of Brazilian cities, through the construction of housing developments/projects. Teresina is inserted in this context since the housing complexes, deriving from the BNH and the housing developments of the PMCMV, have a strong role in the expansion of the city. In view of the above, the article aims to understand the dynamics of Brazilian housing policy in Teresina-PI. Therefore, the following specific objectives are proposed: to discuss the evolution of the Brazilian housing policy from the implementation of the BNH to the PMCMV; to present the influence of the housing policy on the expansion of the Teresina urban space, focusing on the performance of BNH and PMCMV. In view of the proposed objectives, bibliographical and documentary research was used as methodological procedures. The housing policy developed in Teresina provided the expansion of the city, mainly towards the South region, where it concentrates the largest number of units built.

Keywords: Housing Policy; Urban Sprawl; Teresina-PI.

RESUMEN
Con el propósito de solucionar la problemática habitacional, el Estado creó políticas habitacionales, que se intensificaron a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Entre las intervenciones estatales en el sector habitacional se destaca la actuación del Banco Nacional de Habitación (BNH) de la década de 1960 a 1980, y del Programa Mi Casa Mi Vida (PMCMV) en un contexto más reciente. Ambos actuaron en la expansión periférica de las ciudades brasileñas, por medio de la construcción conjuntos/proyectos habitacionales. Teresina se inserte en ese escenario una vez que los conjuntos habitacionales, decurrentes del BNH y los proyectos habitacionales del PMCMV, tiene fuerte actuación en la expansión de la ciudad. Delante del expuesto, el artigo objetiva comprender la dinámica de la política habitacional brasileña en Teresina-PI. Para tanto, se propone como objetivos específicos: Discutir la evolución de la política educacional brasileña a partir de la implantación del BNH hasta el PMCMV; Presentar la influencia de la política habitacional en la expansión del espacio urbano teresinense, con foco en la actuación del BNH y del PMCMV. Frente a los objetivos propuestos, se utilizó la pesquisa bibliográfica y documental como procedimientos metodológicos. La política habitacional desarrollada en Teresina proporcionó la expansión de la ciudad, principalmente en dirección a la región Sur, donde concentra el mayor número de unidades construidas.

Palabras-clave: Política Habitacional; Expansión Urbana; Teresina-PI.


Palavras-chave


Política Habitacional; Expansão Urbana; Teresina-PI.

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.2019.11274

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Direitos autorais 2019 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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