A EVOLUÇÃO DA MALHA MUNICIPAL DO ESTADO DO PARANÁ E AS PROPOSIÇÕES RECENTES

Idair Augusto Zinke

Resumo


THE EVOLUTION OF THE MUNICIPAL NETWORK OF THE STATE OF PARANÁ AND THE RECENT PROPOSITIONS

LA EVOLUCIÓN DE LA MALLA MUNICIPAL DEL ESTADO DEL PARANÁ Y LAS PROPUESTAS RECIENTES

O presente artigo aborda a evolução da malha municipal no estado do Paraná a partir da criação de novos municípios, destacando os processos constitucionais e os elementos estimuladores que ocasionaram na atual configuração territorial. Além disso, tendo em vista as recentes proposições sobre a temática no Brasil e no Paraná, apresentam-se também os PLS recentes sobre a temática e a sugestão do Tribunal de Contas do estado do Paraná – TCE-PR para a fusão de municípios com baixo índice populacional, demonstrando as potencialidades caso estas proposições se efetivassem. Desta forma, pode-se afirmar que a divisão do território paranaense em unidades político-administrativas está vinculada a própria formação histórico-geográfica do estado e, mais recentemente, ao que se refere aos municípios pequenos, a Constituição Federal de 1988 que promoveu a criação de municípios com baixo índice populacional no interior do estado. No tocante as proposições recentes, em especial ao estudo para fusão de municípios do TCE-PR, apresenta-se a percepção da política local em municípios pequenos do estado do Paraná, demonstrando resistência à proposta. Todavia, os PLS e a proposta do TCE-PR permanecem apenas como proposições e o Brasil necessita de regulamentações para a fusão, incorporação e criação de municípios em todos os estados da federação.

Palavras-chave: Emancipações; Município; Projetos recentes.

ABSTRACT
The present article approaches the evolution of the municipal network in the state of Paraná, starting from the creation of new municipalities, highlighting the constitutional processes and the stimulating elements that have caused in the current territorial configuration. In addition, in view of the recent proposals on the subject in Brazil and Paraná, we also present the recent PLS on the subject and the suggestion of the Court of Auditors of the state of Paraná - TCE-PR for the merger of municipalities with low population index, demonstrating the potentialities if these propositions become effective. In this way, it can be affirmed that the division of Paraná's territory into political-administrative units is linked to the state's own historical-geographical formation and, more recently, to what refers to small municipalities, the 1988 Federal Constitution that promoted creation of municipalities with low population index in the interior of the country. With regard to the recent proposals, especially to the study for the merger of municipalities of the TCE-PR, the perception of local politics in small municipalities of the state of Paraná is presented, demonstrating resistance to the proposal. However, the PLS and the TCE-PR proposal remain only propositions and Brazil needs regulations for the merger, incorporation and creation of municipalities in all states of the federation.

Keywords: Emancipations; County; Recent Projects.

RESUMEN
El presente artículo aborda la evolución de la malla municipal en el estado de Paraná a partir de la creación de nuevos municipios, destacando los procesos constitucionales y los elementos estimuladores que ocasionaron en la actual configuración territorial. Además, teniendo en vista las recientes proposiciones sobre la temática en Brasil y en el Paraná, se presentan también los PLS recientes sobre la temática y la sugerencia del Tribunal de Cuentas del estado de Paraná - TCE-PR para la fusión de municipios con bajo índice poblacional, demostrando las potencialidades si estas proposiciones se efectúen. De esta forma, se puede afirmar que la división del territorio paranaense en unidades político-administrativas está vinculada a la propia formación histórico-geográfica del estado y, más recientemente, al que se refiere a los municipios pequeños, la Constitución Federal de 1988 que promovió la la creación de municipios con bajo índice poblacional en el interior del país. En cuanto a las propuestas recientes, en especial al estudio para fusión de municipios del TCE-PR, se presenta la percepción de la política local en municipios pequeños del estado de Paraná, demostrando resistencia a la propuesta. Sin embargo, los PLS y la propuesta del TCE-PR permanecen sólo como proposiciones y Brasil necesita de regulaciones para la fusión, incorporación y creación de municipios en todos los estados de la federación.

Palabras clave: Emancipaciones; Municipio; Proyectos Recientes.


Palavras-chave


Emancipações; Município; Projetos Recentes.

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.2019.11268

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Direitos autorais 2019 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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