TEMPORADA BAJA Y DESARROLLO LOCAL PARA LA POBLACIÓN DE LOS CABOS, BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR (MÉXICO)

Ana Laura Méndez Burgoin, Carlos Estuardo Aparicio Moreno, Esteban Picazzo Palencia

Resumo


LOW SEASON AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT FOR THE PEOPLE OF LOS CABOS, BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR (MEXICO)

BAIXA TEMPORADA E DESENVOLVIMENTO LOCAL PARA A POPULAÇÃO DE LOS CABOS, BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR (MÉXICO)

RESUMEN
El municipio de Los Cabos, Baja California Sur (B.C.S.), se caracteriza por ser una de las zonas turísticas más importantes y reconocidas internacionalmente de México. Con sus beneficios y perjuicios, la gran demanda de turistas en el lugar ha impulsado a la creación de grandes complejos turísticos, haciendo de Los Cabos una zona dependiente de esta actividad, lo que nos lleva a pensar en el impacto que genera la temporada baja del turismo en la población local. El objetivo de esta investigación se centra en analizar las percepciones de la población de Los Cabos sobre los impactos de la temporada baja de turismo en la condición socioeconómica, por lo tanto, este análisis se divide en cinco apartados: desde antecedentes históricos de la zona, además del turismo como detonante en la generación de empleo, el desarrollo local como una actividad alternativa complementaria, economía social en el desarrollo local y políticas públicas como base del desarrollo.

Palabras clave: Turismo; Temporada Baja; Desarrollo Local; Los Cabos.

ABSTRACT
The municipality of Los Cabos, Baja California Sur (B.C.S.), is one of the most important tourist areas and internationally recognized of Mexico. Its beautiful beaches and marines, luxurious hotels, exclusive golf courses, and also its seductive desert vegetation, have done of this heavenly place a very attractive for tourist’s vacations, particularly foreigners. With its benefits and detriments, the tourists great demand of this place have encourage the creation of big touristic resorts, making Los Cabos a dependent zone of this activity. It leads us to think about the tourist low season impacts on the local population. The objective of this research looks for analyze the perceptions of the population of Los Cabos about the impacts of low season tourism on socioeconomic status, therefore, this analysis is divided into five sections: from historical background of the area, in addition to tourism as a trigger in the generation of employment, local development as a complementary alternative activity, social economy in local development and public policies as a basis development.

Keywords: Tourism; Low Season; Local Development; Los Cabos.

RESUMO
O município de Los Cabos, Baja Califórnia Sur (B.C.S.), se caracteriza por ser uma das zonas turísticas mais importantes e conhecidas internacionalmente do México. Suas belas praias e portos, grandes hotéis, exclusivos campos de golf, e sem deixar de lado sua sedutora vegetação desértica, tem feito desta região paradisíaca um atrativo no período de férias para muitos turistas, principalmente estrangeiros. Tendo em vista seus benefícios e prejuízos, a grande demanda de turistas na região tem impulsionado a criação de grandes complexos turísticos (resorts), fazendo de Los Cabos uma zona dependente desta atividade, que nos leva a pensar sobre os impactos das baixas temporadas para as populações locais. O objetivo desta investigação se concentrou em analisar as percepções da população de Los Cabos sobre os impactos da baixa temporada do turismo na situação socioeconômica. Portanto, esta análise está dividida em cinco seções: o contexto histórico da área, além do turismo como indutor na geração de emprego, o desenvolvimento local como atividade alternativa complementar, a economia social no desenvolvimento local e as políticas públicas como base do desenvolvimento.

Palavras-chave: Turismo; Baixa Temporada; Desenvolvimento Local; Los Cabos.


Palavras-chave


Turismo; Temporada Baja; Desarrollo Local; Los Cabos

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18764/2446-6549.v4n15p07-34

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Direitos autorais 2018 InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

InterEspaço: Revista de Geografia e Interdisciplinaridade

ISSN 2446-6549

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