FIRST RECORD OF A NUCLEAR-FOLLOWER ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CORYDORAS VITTATUS (NIJSSEN, 1971), CORYDORAS CF. JULII (CALLICHTHYIDAE) AND KNODUS VICTORIAE (STEINDACHNER, 1907) (CHARACIDAE)

Jorge L.S. Nunes, Ana P.V. Amurim, Diego S. Campos, Fernanda V. Dos Santos, Laícia C. Leite, Pâmella S Brito, Erick C. Guimarães

Resumo


Nuclear-follower interactions are a particular type of interspecific foraging association which involves a nuclear species, which revolves or scans through the substrate, and follower species that access the food items made available by the nuclear species’ activity. This type of association was observed in a headwater stream at the Itapecuru basin, in the Maranhão cerrado, involving the catfishes Corydoras vittatus, Corydoras cf. julii as nuclear species and Knodus victoriae as its follower. Individuals of C. vittatus, Corydoras cf. julii revolved the substrate during their foraging, promoting sediment suspension. Their followers, in turn, moved through the “cloud” of particles in suspension, capturing food items. Food particles in suspension do not seem to be used by the catfishes but become available for K. victoriae. The follower behavior represents a feeding tactic for these species, reinforcing the general idea of behavioral plasticity between follower species.


Palavras-chave


Interação interespecífica, comensalismo, dulcícolas, forrageamento, snorkeling

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Referências


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